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Causes Of Pulmonary Disease

June 24, 2013

Air pollution can cause lung disease. and colleagues published in the "Journal of the American Medical Association," short-term exposure to fine particulate matter boosts the risk for hospital admission for respiratory diseases. A 2000 article by N. Kunzli and colleagues published in "Lancet" states that, in Austria, France and Switzerland, air pollution--especially pollution from motor vehicles--accounts for more than 25,000 new cases of adult chronic bronchitis each year as well as 290,000 episodes of bronchitis in children, more that 500,000 asthma attacks and 16 million days of restricted activities. According to the American Lung Association, during days in which air quality is particularly low, a person should decrease strenuous outdoor activity or exercise in the early morning, limit driving, conserve energy and avoid idling his vehicle.

Smoking can cause lung disease. Department of Health and Human Services states that smoke from cigarettes, cigars and pipes is the No. 1 cause of lung disease among Americans. If a person lives or works with a smoker, it's important for her to avoid secondhand smoke as much as possible. According to the USDHHS, smoking is the cause of about 90 percent of all cases of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD in the United States. COPD is a general term describing two related and progressive diseases: chronic bronchitis and emphysema. COPD restricts airflow out of the lungs and makes it hard for a person to breathe. The USDHHS also notes that smoking causes 87 percent of all lung cancer in Americans, and that lung cancer is the leading cancer killer among American women. The most effective way to avoid lung disease is to avoid or quit smoking.

Respiratory infections can cause lung disease. According to MedlinePlus, respiratory infection can lead to lung diseases such as pneumonia, histoplasmosis and tuberculosis, among others. Pneumonia is particularly problematic for those individuals older than age 65 or for those with a depressed immune system. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that histoplasmosis is a lung disease caused by a fungal infection of the lungs; it can be fatal if left untreated. It should not be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. LIVESTRONG is a registered trademark of the Lance Armstrong Foundation. Moreover, we do not select every advertiser or advertisement that appears on the web site-many of the advertisements are served by third party advertising companies.

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